Porcelain Tile / September 6, 2018 / Brousseau.
To choose the right tiles that would best fit your needs it is important not to get lost with such terms as ceramic tiles non-porcelain or ceramic porcelain. All of these terms refer to a kind of ceramic ware however they differ in characteristics application and production method. Ceramic tiles are usually referred to as non-porcelain tiles and they are easier to cut and have higher water absorption as compared to porcelain. Unlike porcelain tiles ceramic tiles cannot absorb heavy impact or heavy foot traffic as they have a tendency to chip and abrade.
The term porcelain was coined from the Italian word porcellana because of its translucent characteristic similar to the cowrie shell. Porcelain was first developed in China and was exported to Europe between the 17th and 18th century. Beautiful jars and other delicate ornaments were made from porcelain but the discovery of its base material from soft paste to hard past has made porcelain an important industrial commodity. Porcelain is resistant to high temperatures resistant to abrasions and is also non-porous which allows very minimal water absorption. Today porcelain is an important material for insulation and is popularly used for dental prosthesis and veneers. That is why porcelain tiles are excellent choices for residential and commercial finishing.
Porcelain tile and ceramic tile both start off the same being composed of more or less the same materials such as clay and quartz. After formation they are both fired to high temperatures. What spells out the difference between the ceramic white tile and porcelain tile is that the latter uses a more highly refined and purified clay making the porcelain tile denser than the other tile. This is an extremely important difference since being more dense means that porcelain tile absorbs far less moisture making it both durable and stain resistant.
For your walls or ceiling the PEI Class 1 porcelain tiles are recommended because they are not subjected to any kind of weight. The PEI Class 2 may be used as bathroom floor tiles where the weight exposure is minimal while the PEI Classes 3 and 4 are ideal as table top or kitchen top and as flooring in any part of your home. The PEI Class 5 is highly recommended for residential or commercial use where there is heavy foot traffic. Porcelain tiles are all weather tiles that can withstand heat exposure during the summer and the freezing temperatures during winter.