Porcelain Tile / August 29, 2018 / Brousseau
The term porcelain was coined from the Italian word porcellana because of its translucent characteristic similar to the cowrie shell. Porcelain was first developed in China and was exported to Europe between the 17th and 18th century. Beautiful jars and other delicate ornaments were made from porcelain but the discovery of its base material from soft paste to hard past has made porcelain an important industrial commodity. Porcelain is resistant to high temperatures resistant to abrasions and is also non-porous which allows very minimal water absorption. Today porcelain is an important material for insulation and is popularly used for dental prosthesis and veneers. That is why porcelain tiles are excellent choices for residential and commercial finishing.
Porcelain comes in many shapes sizes and beautiful designs. All of these characteristics seem to make porcelain the clear choice when it comes to quality durability and easy of cleaning and maintenance. In reality the truth can be vastly different. The specifications regarding porcelain tiles are never verified or tested so any manufacturer can claim that their tiles are porcelain. Tile manufacturers can claim that they are manufacturing porcelain tiles without having them tested. In many cases tiles labeled as porcelain do not have the characteristics that make them quality tiles.
Porcelain tile and ceramic tile both start off the same being composed of more or less the same materials such as clay and quartz. After formation they are both fired to high temperatures. What spells out the difference between the ceramic white tile and porcelain tile is that the latter uses a more highly refined and purified clay making the porcelain tile denser than the other tile. This is an extremely important difference since being more dense means that porcelain tile absorbs far less moisture making it both durable and stain resistant.