Porcelain Tile / August 30, 2018 / Brousseau
In choosing your tiles do not get confused with the terms non-porcelain and ceramic tiles because although technically porcelain is a kind of ceramic ware the term ceramic tile is usually referred to as non-porcelain. These tiles are hard and non-porous and absorb very minimal water as compared to ceramic tiles which are softer and have high water absorption. Porcelain tiles are highly durable because they can resist abrasions unlike ceramic tiles that are prone to chipping and scratches.
Application of tiles are rated according to the Porcelain Enamel Institute (PEI) rating system from PEI Class 1 up to PEI Class 5. If you are looking for the right tiles to be used for your walls or ceiling the PEI Class 1 is recommended because the tiles are not exposed to any impact. You can choose the PEI Classes 2 and 3 for your bathroom tiles and the PEI Classes 3 to 5 as kitchen and tabletops and as flooring in any part of your home or building according to the impact foot traffic or exposure of the area where you will install your porcelain tiles.
The term porcelain was coined from the Italian word porcellana because of its translucent characteristic similar to the cowrie shell. Porcelain was first developed in China and was exported to Europe between the 17th and 18th century. Beautiful jars and other delicate ornaments were made from porcelain but the discovery of its base material from soft paste to hard past has made porcelain an important industrial commodity. Porcelain is resistant to high temperatures resistant to abrasions and is also non-porous which allows very minimal water absorption. Today porcelain is an important material for insulation and is popularly used for dental prosthesis and veneers. That is why porcelain tiles are excellent choices for residential and commercial finishing.