Porcelain Tile / September 4, 2018 / Brousseau.
Application of tiles are rated according to the Porcelain Enamel Institute (PEI) rating system from PEI Class 1 up to PEI Class 5. If you are looking for the right tiles to be used for your walls or ceiling the PEI Class 1 is recommended because the tiles are not exposed to any impact. You can choose the PEI Classes 2 and 3 for your bathroom tiles and the PEI Classes 3 to 5 as kitchen and tabletops and as flooring in any part of your home or building according to the impact foot traffic or exposure of the area where you will install your porcelain tiles.
Because the majority of small diameter holes will be cut into tiles already fixed to the wall it will be necessary to drill a fixing hole behind the tile. Replace the carbide drill bit with the appropriately sized masonry drill bit and set the drill to hammer mode. Use a slow speed for drilling into hard materials to ensure that the tip doesnt overheat. Ensure that the drill bit is frequently withdrawn in order to stop a build up of dust.
Unglazed tiles do not have a coated surface and full body porcelain tiles dont show wear anyhow due to the colour and design being throughout the entire tile. These types of tiles have a PEI rating of 0-5 meaning they can be used in any area. PEI classes are 0 through 5. The porcelain enamel institute scale is one that is used to help detect areas that tiles should be used in. The glazed tiles that have the overall 0 to 5 rating can be used anywhere from no foot traffic to industrial traffic making them ideal for use in your home.
Identifying the Size of Hole to be Drilled. The first step is to correctly identify the size of hole to be drilled. This is very important as the diameter of the hole to be cut dictates the method that you will use to drill into the tile. The majority of holes that are 10mm and under in diameter will be drilled with the tile already fixed to the wall. Conversely the majority of holes over 10mm in diameter will be drilled into the tile before the tile has been fixed. When drilling holes that are 13mm or larger in diameter make sure that the tile to be drilled is placed in a tray that will collect the waste water that is produced.