Porcelain Tile / August 29, 2018 / Brousseau.
The term porcelain was coined from the Italian word porcellana because of its translucent characteristic similar to the cowrie shell. Porcelain was first developed in China and was exported to Europe between the 17th and 18th century. Beautiful jars and other delicate ornaments were made from porcelain but the discovery of its base material from soft paste to hard past has made porcelain an important industrial commodity. Porcelain is resistant to high temperatures resistant to abrasions and is also non-porous which allows very minimal water absorption. Today porcelain is an important material for insulation and is popularly used for dental prosthesis and veneers. That is why porcelain tiles are excellent choices for residential and commercial finishing.
Application of tiles are rated according to the Porcelain Enamel Institute (PEI) rating system from PEI Class 1 up to PEI Class 5. If you are looking for the right tiles to be used for your walls or ceiling the PEI Class 1 is recommended because the tiles are not exposed to any impact. You can choose the PEI Classes 2 and 3 for your bathroom tiles and the PEI Classes 3 to 5 as kitchen and tabletops and as flooring in any part of your home or building according to the impact foot traffic or exposure of the area where you will install your porcelain tiles.
The installation of porcelain tile is becoming an increasingly regular task for the modern day tiler. Customers desire the look of natural stone but require the extra durability that porcelain tiles offer. With porcelain tiles being non-porous (impervious to water) and virtually maintenance free they are the perfect solution for the progressively popular wet-room styled bathrooms. Your ceramic white tile will look lovely at first but it wont be long before day-to-day dirt gets ingrained and its permanently dingy.
Porcelain tile and ceramic tile both start off the same being composed of more or less the same materials such as clay and quartz. After formation they are both fired to high temperatures. What spells out the difference between the ceramic white tile and porcelain tile is that the latter uses a more highly refined and purified clay making the porcelain tile denser than the other tile. This is an extremely important difference since being more dense means that porcelain tile absorbs far less moisture making it both durable and stain resistant.