Porcelain Tile / September 13, 2018 / Brousseau.
Drilling Large Diameter Holes (13mm or Larger). In order to cut holes that are 13mm or larger in diameter it is necessary to first drill a pilot hole. The pilot hole will act as a locater for a large diamond core and will help you to drill a perfect hole in porcelain tile. Attach an 8mm carbide drill bit or 8mm diamond bit to your drill. Follow the instructions given above for either Drilling Small Diameter Holes (10mm or Smaller) with Diamond Cores or Drilling Small Diameter Holes (10mm or Smaller) with Carbide Bits depending on whether you are using diamond cores or carbide drill bits. Leave out the final step in either case as you wont be drilling a fixing hole behind the tile.
The term porcelain was coined from the Italian word porcellana because of its translucent characteristic similar to the cowrie shell. Porcelain was first developed in China and was exported to Europe between the 17th and 18th century. Beautiful jars and other delicate ornaments were made from porcelain but the discovery of its base material from soft paste to hard past has made porcelain an important industrial commodity. Porcelain is resistant to high temperatures resistant to abrasions and is also non-porous which allows very minimal water absorption. Today porcelain is an important material for insulation and is popularly used for dental prosthesis and veneers. That is why porcelain tiles are excellent choices for residential and commercial finishing.
Drilling Small Diameter Holes (10mm or Smaller) with Carbide Bits. Firstly mark where the hole will be drilled on the tile using a marker. Attach a carbide drill bit to your drill. Ensure that there is a constant supply of cold water that is being directly aimed at the selected drill bit i.e. by using water cooling equipment. Note regarding water cooling. It is important to ensure that there is a constant supply of cold water in order to keep the drill bit cool and to help remove any debris that may have built up whilst drilling the tile.
Application of tiles are rated according to the Porcelain Enamel Institute (PEI) rating system from PEI Class 1 up to PEI Class 5. If you are looking for the right tiles to be used for your walls or ceiling the PEI Class 1 is recommended because the tiles are not exposed to any impact. You can choose the PEI Classes 2 and 3 for your bathroom tiles and the PEI Classes 3 to 5 as kitchen and tabletops and as flooring in any part of your home or building according to the impact foot traffic or exposure of the area where you will install your porcelain tiles.